The Delhi Agreement on the Return of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between these states, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, the Foreign Minister of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, the Indian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Pakistani government.    The international and regional context after 1971 had made the achievement of some kind of agreement an important political objective for Gandhi and his national security team. After a successful war that liberated Bangladesh, politicians tried to continue to submit India`s status by showing a credible attempt at peace. Of course, India`s image had to be balanced by concrete results. The most desirable outcome would have been a final resolution in Kashmir, which bypasses the de facto position administered by both sides. The evidence is that policymakers have attempted to address some of the deep roots of the Indo-Pakistani conflict in Kashmir, seen as a direct manifestation of Pakistan`s national identity and not as a normal territorial impasse between states. P.N. Haksar, Gandhi`s senior foreign policy adviser, later wrote that India`s approach was based on “the realization that Pakistan continues to have an unresolved crisis of its national identity.” 1971 paved the way for an alternative future for Pakistan.
The actual negotiations began on 28 June 1972 and lasted five days, with India clinging to the approach of Dhar, in which the return of prisoners of war and Indian-occupied territory was part of a set of permanent agreements on the formal delimitation of the Kashmir border. At the inaugural session on 28 June, Mr Dhar made it clear that the conclusion of a peace settlement was an “essential” condition for the repatriation of prisoners of war. On June 29, he sought a clear framework. Any “consensual wording” should be consistent with the current situation and “capable of implementing.” Dhar stressed that “the world is moving quickly towards bilateralism.” Mr. Ahmed, however, offered minimal commitments and sought to maintain the old UN-centred conflict resolution framework. Haksar also stressed that India and Pakistan should “solve our own problems” without “including distant countries in our disputes.” On 30 June, Dhar suffered a mild heart attack, with Haksar taking the lead for the rest of the summit. However, India`s momentum in the negotiations remained consistent. This agreement had the impression that the submission of an aggressive leader, why not Q. Kashmir not agenda? The Simla agreement reads as a communiqué rather than a peace agreement with a country that had waged war on India. Nothing in the agreement has put Pakistan in a state of good behaviour in the future. It also contained some ridiculous expectations, such as the clause that required both governments to “take all measures within their power to prevent hostile propaganda against each other.” The chief minister of Pakistan`s Punjab province Shahbaz Sharif called the historic 1972 Simla agreement between India and Pakistan a “serious mistake” and said it was partly detrimental to the Kashmiri`s struggle for freedom.
“The Simla agreement was a major mistake [on Islamabad`s part] because it tempered the spirit of Kashmir who fought for their freedom and hurt their movement when it never stopped in Kashmir,” Sharif said Thursday at a conference on Kashmir in Lahore. (iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days.  Foreign Minister S Jaishankar said on 14 November that the 1972 Simla Agreement led to a “revenge” Pakistan and persistent problems in Jammu and Kashmir, as he praised the “courageous steps” taken by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in relations with neighbouring the country.